Copyright in India: Law & Procedure



The Indian law of copyrights is enshrined in the Copyright Act, 1957. The Act seeks to provide for the registration of copyrights in India. The object of copyright regulation is to encourage authors, artists, and composers to create original works using profitable them with exceptional proper for a fixed duration to reproduce the results for business exploitation.

What is Copyright

Copyright is a right given by using the regulation to creators of literary, dramatic, musical, and inventive works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. It’s miles a package of rights consisting of, among other things, rights of reproduction, conversation to the general public, version, and translation of the work. There might be mild versions inside the composition of the rights relying on the job.

Copyright is the felony protection given to the writer of an original literary or artistic work. The distinctive right granted using the law to author such authentic work, authorize, or limit positive acts regarding such paintings, thereby protecting good creativity.

Copyrights exist in the following class of works:

A) Original literary, musical, dramatic, and inventive works.

B) Cinematograph films

C) Sound recordings


The rights range in step with the class of labor. Copyright also subsists in translations, abridgments, or compilations of such works, furnished the copyright holder’s permission is acquired. Computer programs are taken into consideration as literary works and are covered under the Copyright Act. There is not any copyright in an idea.

Rights conferred by way of registration.

In widespread, registration is voluntary. Copyright exists from the moment the paintings are created. Under Indian law, registration isn’t required for obtaining the copyright or imposing it in an infringement motion. However, the roll has the evidentiary fee in a courtroom of regulation regarding the dispute regarding ownership of copyright.

Author of copyright

Under copyright law, the author of the original expression in work is its creator. The author is also the proprietor of copyright, except there may be a written agreement via which the writer assigns the copyright to every other individual or entity, including a publisher. In instances of works made for rent, the company of the work is considered to be the author.

Filing and Prosecuting Copyright Applications

An application for copyright on Form-IV observed through four copies of the work is to be made on Form IV ( Including Statement of Particulars and Statement of Further Particulars) and the prescribed rate at the Copyright Office of the Department of Education, New Delhi. The Copyright Office, to start with, presents a wide filing variety and filing date and problems a submitting receipt. After that, the software is formally tested by way of the Office. Defects can be communicated to the applicant. Once the software is discovered to be in order, it’s miles typical, and the Copyright Office issues the registration certificates.

Duration of registration

The period granted for works of copyright varies depending on the kind of paintings. Literary or musical works or artistic works, other than pictures, have a lifestyles span, which extends for the writer’s existence and 60 years from the stop of the yr wherein the author dies. However, if the paintings have not been posted, carried out, or provided for sale or broadcast all through the writer’s life, the copyright safety shall keep for 60 years from the cease of the yr wherein any of these acts are performed regarding the paintings.

Cinematograph films, pix, and pc packages are included for 60 years from the top of the 12 months wherein the paintings are made to be had to the general public with the consent of the proprietor of the copyright or posted, or, failing such an occasion, for 60 years from the stop of the yr in which the work is done. Sound recordings are included for 60 years from the cease of the year the recording is first published.

In the case of anonymous or pseudonymous works, the copyright is for 60 years from the stop of the yr wherein the paintings are made available to the general public with the consent of the owner of the copyright or from the quiet of the year wherein it’s far affordable to presume that the author died, whichever period is shorter.